February 10, 2016

Academic Language Part III

Hello everyone,
Here is part 3 of the post I wrote on Academic Language.  Although vocabulary is an important component, it is only one cog on the wheel we call Academic Language. Read on for more information on the components of Academic Language!

Academic language is  complex  and requires us to teach students the following
·      phonological features of English
·      vocabulary and word formation
·      rules (Lexical knowledge)
·      grammar
·      discourse
·      cognition. 


Here is a little more detail on each of these important areas:

·      Grammar comprises the correct use, rules, and understanding of the parts of speech, word classes, inflections, increasing word complexity, understanding complex sentence structures and syntax.
o   Modals
o   Past tense
 








For a great activity on phrasal verbs click here to go to my TPT store!  This activity teaches students phrasal verbs and their academic counterparts!
 

https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Formal-and-Informal-Language-413325

Discourse entails the ability to use words to organize knowledge and exchange ideas,
o   Structured sentence stems
o   Structured reply frames
o   Academic vocabulary word banks

·      


 

·      Cognition encompasses the mental action of thinking, understanding, learning and remembering.
o   Recognition of grammar to language function








Why is Academic Language Important?
ò The most important predictor of academic success for individual students.
ò Students who can use academic language are more likely to be successful in school and beyond. 

Gatekeepers that block the acquisition of academic language:
  Insufficient exposure to books
ò Insufficient exposure to people who use academic language
ò  Insufficient opportunities to use the language
ò Insufficient motivation to develop and use academic language
ò Insufficient instruction including sufficient and corrective feedback to acquiring academic language  

In summary, I found that academic vocabulary is just a small part of the intricate concept of Academic language and that these two words should not be used interchangeably.   

I would love to hear your comments!

Happy Teaching,




 


February 9, 2016

Academic Language Part II


Hello everyone,
Here is part 2 of the post I wrote on Academic Vocabulary.  Although vocabulary is an important component, it is only one cog on the wheel we call academic language. Read on for more information on the components of Academic Language!

Academic language is  complex  and requires us to teach students the following
·      phonological features of English
·      vocabulary and word formation
·      rules (Lexical knowledge)
·      grammar
·      discourse
·      cognition. 

Here is a little more detail on each of these important areas:


·      Phonological Features include the sound patterns and intonation of English.
o   Sounds of English
o   Sound patterns
o   Articulation
o   Pronunciation
o   Word stress
 

·      Vocabulary and Word Formation includes teaching prefixes, suffixes and roots, tier 1, 2, and 3 words (here is where academic vocabulary comes in), parts of speech, multiple meanings of words and the grammar rules that apply to word formation and usage.
o   Academic Vocabulary
§  Content words
§  Process/function words
§  Word parts



o   Word Formation
§  Prefixes
§  Suffixes
§  Root words
§  Compound words




Tomorrow the post will be continued and look at:
·      grammar
·      discourse
·      cognition
See you then!
Happy Teaching,
 


February 8, 2016

Academic Language


Hi everyone,
This is part one of a series of posts I wrote on Academic Language. Please check back during this week for the entire collection!

We are encouraged to build our students’ vocabulary and as we dig deeper into the CCSS the call for academic language and academic vocabulary is ever present. Have you noticed that these terms are often used interchangeably?  I wanted to understand the differences between these two words and decided to take an in-depth look at the precise meaning of them. I found that the overarching concept is ACADEMIC LANGUAGE:  the specialized language of academic discourse and textbooks.

Many researches insist that proficiency in ACADEMIC LANGUAGE is the most important predictor of academic success for individual students. Students must learn the many skills that are interwoven into the notion of ACADEMIC LANGUAGE. Although vocabulary is an important component, it is only one cog on the wheel we call academic language. 

What is academic language?
ò Language used in classrooms and texts
ò Language used in assessments
Academic includes concise word choice, information bearing vocabulary and complex grammar and sentence structure.

Academic language is  complex  and requires us to teach students the following
·      phonological features of English
·      vocabulary and word formation
·      rules (Lexical knowledge)
·      grammar
·      discourse
·      cognition.  

Check in with us tomorrow for the continuation of this look at Academic Language.
Happy Teaching!