September 12, 2013

Why the Parts of Speech Give You Infinite Grammar Power

Hi everyone!
Today we have a guest blogger here at Fun To Teach.  One of my favorite blogs is English Grammar Revolution by Elizabeth O’Brien.  She blogs about all things grammar and keeps the wealth of information that she shares at a fun level that is easy to understand.  Drum roll please…she will continiue as a guest blogger on Fun To Teach ESL Blog  today .  This is part 2 of:
Why the Parts of Speech Give You Infinite Grammar Power

 English Grammar Revolution by Elizabeth O’Brien



Now it's time for us to see how knowing the eight parts of speech helps us learn even more complex grammatical concepts. Please, please, please do not get bogged down with the following definitions and examples. I just want you to see how knowing the parts of speech can help you understand each of these more complex topics. 

Phrases are groups of words that lack both a subject and a verb. All of the words in a phrase come together to act as a single part of speech! That means that phrases function as one of those eight parts of speech that we just learned about. Typically, phrases function as nouns, adjectives, verbs, or adverbs. 
            The happy students studied throughout the night. 
            into the night = prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb
Dependent clauses are groups of words that contain both a subject and a verb. They cannot stand alone, and they act as single parts of speech! Dependent clauses function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.
            We diagrammed sentences until the cows came home. 
            until the cows came home = dependent clause functioning as adverb
Gerunds are formed from verbs and act as nouns. They end in -ing.
            My mother enjoys baking. 
            baking = gerund functioning as a noun
Participles are formed from verbs and act as adjectives. They end in -ing, -d, -n, or -t.
            The burned marshmallows taste the best! 
            burned = participle functioning as adjective modifying marshmallows
Infinitives are formed from verbs and act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. They are formed from the word to + a verb.
            My cat loves to eat. 
            to eat = infinitive functioning as a noun
_________
There you have it! The parts of speech are very important, and having a solid understanding of them will help you understand every other aspect of grammar. 
I hope you enjoyed the lesson! Feel free to stop by www.English-Grammar-Revolution.com for more tips!
  English Grammar Revolution by Elizabeth O’Brien.




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