Academic language is a complex
requires teaching students the phonological features of English,
vocabulary and word formation rules (Lexical knowledge), grammar,
discourse, and cognition. I wrote a blog post about the difference
between academic language and academic vocabulary, what follows is a
Academic language is the overriding concept and has the following facets interwoven into it:
· Vocabulary and word formation
includes teaching prefixes, suffixes and roots, tier 1, 2, and 3 words
(here is where academic vocabulary comes in), parts of speech, multiple
meanings of words and the grammar rules that apply to word formation and
· Phonological features include the sound patterns and intonation of English.
comprises the correct use, rules, and understanding of the parts of
speech, word classes, inflections, increasing word complexity,
understanding complex sentence structures and syntax.
· Discourse entails the ability to use words to organize knowledge and exchange ideas,
· Cognition encompasses the mental action of thinking, understanding, learning and remembering.
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