February 27, 2016

Quote of the day!

Hello everyone!
The definition of quote is to repeat someone else's statement, phrases or thoughts.
Here is today's!


 
Happy Teaching,

February 20, 2016

Quote for today!

Hello everyone!
The definition of quote is to repeat someone else's statement, phrases or thoughts.
Here is today's!


 
Happy Teaching,

February 19, 2016

Friday Freebie!


Hi everyone!
Do you wonder about the importance of teaching cognates?  
Click on over to my Teachers Pay Teachers store and download this article!

Read on and learn a little more about this important teaching concept.
What are cognates?

Vocabulary/vocabulario, animal/animal, actor/actor,  color/color are just a few of the thousand of English and Spanish cognates.
Cognates are an important part of learning English.  Cognates are words in two languages that have the same or similar meaning, spelling, and pronunciation.  Spanish and English cognates include:  doctor/doctor, family/familia, construction, constucción, and electricity/electricidad.  Some languages like Spanish have thousands of cognates with English and other languages like Chinese and Arabic have very few. 

Cognates, words in two languages that have the same or similar meanings and spelling increases English language learners vocabularies.

Why teach cognates?
These similarities in meaning and often in spelling give second language learners the ability to figure out new words and learn vocabulary in English more quickly.  These cognates give students an instant foundation of vocabulary. 
When students can identify cognates from their first language it increases student English knowledge of vocabulary by thousands of words they already know. 

English learners need to simply learn the spelling and pronunciation rules that go with the cognate and they have a strong foundation of English vocabulary.

What does the research say?
According to Nagy and Nagy, et al (1988; 1993) many Spanish second language learners need help recognizing and using cognates.  Direct instruction by the teacher helps students use cognates to understand new or unknown words in English.

What are false cognates?
False cognates are words that are spelled or pronounced similarly in two languages, but do not have the same meaning.  Idioma/Idiom in Spanish and English are examples of false cognates.  Idioma in Spanish means language, while idiom in English means a phrase that does not mean what the words say (raining cats and dogs). 
Another important reason to teach English language learners about cognates is to alert them to the false cognates.

What can parents do?
Talk with your children. 
When you see a cognates, words in two languages that have the same or similar meaning, spelling, and pronunciation, point them out to your child and talk about the meaning in your first language.  Remember, Spanish and English cognates include:  doctor/doctor, family/familia, construction, constuccion, and electricity/electricidad.  Cognates are everywhere!

Here is a list of everyday cognates you can use to help teach your child the recognize and use  cognates to build English Vocabulary!  Have Fun!


ENGLISH
SPANISH


A
animal
animal


B
bicycle
bicicleta


C
coyote
crocodile
coyote
cocodrilo


D
dance
dinosaur
danza
dinosaurio


E
elephant
elefante


F
family
flower
familia
flor


G
giraffe
gorilla
jirafa
gorila


H
hippopotamus
hipopótamo


I
insects
insectos


J
jar
jarra


L
lemon
lion
limón
leon


M
music
música


N
necessary
nessesario


P
penguin
police
pinguino
policía


Q
quiet
quieto


R
rock
radio
roca
radio


S
secret
secreto


T
telephone
teléfono


U
use
usar


V
vegetables
vegetales



Click on over to my Teachers Pay Teachers store and download this article! 
Happy Teaching!


February 10, 2016

Academic Language Part III

Hello everyone,
Here is part 3 of the post I wrote on Academic Language.  Although vocabulary is an important component, it is only one cog on the wheel we call Academic Language. Read on for more information on the components of Academic Language!

Academic language is  complex  and requires us to teach students the following
·      phonological features of English
·      vocabulary and word formation
·      rules (Lexical knowledge)
·      grammar
·      discourse
·      cognition. 


Here is a little more detail on each of these important areas:

·      Grammar comprises the correct use, rules, and understanding of the parts of speech, word classes, inflections, increasing word complexity, understanding complex sentence structures and syntax.
o   Modals
o   Past tense
 








For a great activity on phrasal verbs click here to go to my TPT store!  This activity teaches students phrasal verbs and their academic counterparts!
 

https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Formal-and-Informal-Language-413325

Discourse entails the ability to use words to organize knowledge and exchange ideas,
o   Structured sentence stems
o   Structured reply frames
o   Academic vocabulary word banks

·      


 

·      Cognition encompasses the mental action of thinking, understanding, learning and remembering.
o   Recognition of grammar to language function








Why is Academic Language Important?
ò The most important predictor of academic success for individual students.
ò Students who can use academic language are more likely to be successful in school and beyond. 

Gatekeepers that block the acquisition of academic language:
  Insufficient exposure to books
ò Insufficient exposure to people who use academic language
ò  Insufficient opportunities to use the language
ò Insufficient motivation to develop and use academic language
ò Insufficient instruction including sufficient and corrective feedback to acquiring academic language  

In summary, I found that academic vocabulary is just a small part of the intricate concept of Academic language and that these two words should not be used interchangeably.   

I would love to hear your comments!

Happy Teaching,