April 21, 2012

Collocations - Adverbs and Adjectives

Hi everyone,
Are your ready for more information on collocations?

According to wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collocation), There are about six main types of collocations-adjectives and nouns,nouns and nouns(a....of....),verbs and nouns,adverbs and adjectives,verbs and expressions with preposition, verbs and adverbs.

Remember a COLLOCATION is an expression of two or more words that go together.  Collocations "sound right" to native speakers, but are difficult for English Language Learners who lack the native speakers intuition.

Although grammar is important when teaching English, it is also important to teach ELLs which words go with which other words.  

I was reading more about collocations over at John's ESL Community Blog
and really appreciated how he reminded us that,

"Every language has certain words that go together. These words are called collocations. Collocation is another way of saying word partners. For example, in English we would say tell the truth NOT say the truth. There are many collocations is English. Here are a few more examples.
made a mistake: The student made a mistake on his test. (not did a mistake)
running late: The buses are running late, today. (not running lately)
commit a crime: Thiefs are always ready to commit a crime. (not do a crime)
Collocations in English are made by joining verbs with nouns, adjectives with nouns and adverbs with adjectives, verbs and adjectives with prepositions, and prepositions with nouns. Phrasal verbs can also be thought of as collocations."

Adverb/adjective collocations include:
totally awesome
painfully shy
downright dangerous
eerily silent
fiercely competitive

Here is a link to a fun website:
It's My Life
they have a great list of adverb/adjective collocations.

Isn't it fun to teach?

Happy Teaching!

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